A brief History of organic farming in Thailand (Thanks to Greennet: click here for full UNCTAD Report):

1991 Chai Wiwat Agro-industry & Capital Rice Co started organic rice project

1992 Alternative Agriculture Network’s first national conference, to promote sustainable & organic farming
– First Fair Trade rice from Surin was exported to Fair Trade groups in Europe.

1993 Green Net established 1994
– Capital Rice began selling organic jasmine rice in Thailand and overseas

1995 ACT established, and first Thai organic crop standards were drafted.

1996 Organic rice project in Yasothon
IFOAM-Asia Workshop on Certification for Organic Agriculture and Alternative Market

1997 ACT started organic inspection & certification

1999 Thailand Institute of Technological and Scientific Research (TISTR) / Export Promotion Department and the Department of Agriculture, drafting organic crop standards

2000 ACT got IFOAM accreditation from IOAS
– Cabinet approved US$ 15.8 million (633 million baht) to support 3-year pilot project on Sustainable Agriculture for Small-Scale – Producers, involving 3,500 farming families Brief History

2001 DOA gazetted organic crop farming standards
– IFOAM Organic Shrimp Consultation, Thailand

2002 MoAC established ACFS (National Office of Agricultural and Food Commodity Standards) to enforce agri & food standards & accreditation
– ACFS completed “Organic Agriculture: the Production, Processing, Labeling and Marketing of Organic Agriculture”. Cover crop, livestock, and aquaculture
– Swiss Govt. recognized ACT for organic inspection according to the Swiss import rule
– First produce bearing “Organic Thailand” label appeared in the Thai market Brief History

2003 International Organic Conference, co-hosted by FAO, Green Net-Earth Net Foundation
– Surin Province set up a large-scale organic project, planning to convert 16,000 households (with 37,760 ha.)

2004 ACFS launched organic accreditation programme. ACT was the first to apply
– Organic Agriculture Fair was organized by the MOAC and the Cabinet approved organic agriculture as part of the national agenda.

2005 National Agenda on Organic Agriculture was implemented, little supports given to OA sector Brief History

2006 1.2 billion THB was allocated for National Agenda on OA, mainly focus on organic fertilizers
– Thai Organic Trader Association (TOTA) registered
– National organic action plan was drafted
– Siam Paragon introduced Gourmet Market with organic ranges

2007 Political instability started with military took over
– National Organic Development Strategic Plan was established
– Certification Alliance (CertAll) established Brief History

2008 Political disarray continues
– National Organic Action Plan was approved with over 5 billions THB budget planned for 5 years
– ACT applied for Canadian recognition (was approved in 2009)

2009 TOTA started organic incubation programme to increase organic enterprises
– ACT applied for EU recognition Brief History

2008 Political disarray continues
– National Organic Action Plan was approved with over 5 billions THB budget planned for 5 years
– ACT applied for Canadian recognition (was approved in 2009)

2009 TOTA started organic incubation programme to increase organic enterprises
– ACT applied for EU recognition Certified Organic

2010 Pura Organic Foods Ltd, Phuket is established

2011 Pura Organic Foods Ltd opens its 1st shop in Thalang

2011:
35,824 ha (0.17% of total arable land)
7,499 farms (0.15% of total 5.1 m farming families)

– ACFS-CNCA started bilateral discussion for equivalent recognition under GOMA framework
– ACFS supports 2 organic projects, one on local green markets and another on database (implemented by the OAD Center Thailand)
– MoC supported 2 projects on organic cotton and tea (Prince Royal projects)
– TOTA-MoC-GTZ collaboration on local market developments Year

2010 MoC initiated Organic & Natural Expo and Organic Symposium, focusing on ASEAN region
National Organic Development Strategy ended, no new plan was developed
In the previous plan, 1.75 m farmers in Thailand (34%) were trained by various government agencies, but … Year

2011 MoAC issues national organic standards for crops, livestock, and aquaculture and set up accreditation body
No official recognition with any countries, but trying to talk to EU, US and China
Private sector do not support national regulations (organic as voluntary scheme) National Regulatory

4 Departments of MoAC (DoA, DoL, DoF, DoR) certify organic farms, mainly crop productions

In 2010 there were 2 private Thai CBs (I guess “Certification Bureau’s”), one for local and another is national. Example: ACT Thailand

There are several foreign CBs active in Thailand: from U.S.: USDA, From Europe: EEC, From Japan: JAS etc

2013 Pura Organic Foods Ltd opens its 2nd shop in Bangtao

2014 Pura Organic Foods Ltd opens a new shop and distributions center in Cherngtalay and merges all operations into this location

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